On September 1, 2019, ETS rolled out a new version of the Praxis Core mathematics subtest.
Only the math subtest has changed. The reading and the writing sections are the same as before. However, all the subtests have been renumbered for the new exam, so be careful if you are registering for each subtest individually.
Look over your state’s requirements to determine if you should take the original math subtest or the new math subtest. Different states are doing different things. Some states are allowing people to choose between the old and the new until fall 2020. Other states are requiring people to start taking the new Praxis Core starting Sept 1, 2019.
In a nutshell, the new math subtest focuses more on probability and statistics and less on algebra, functions and geometry. This move reflects the ongoing conversation about whether or not the Praxis Core really tests the skills necessary to be a teacher.
People were asking, “Do all teachers really need to be proficient in algebra and functions?” Below is an example.
(7, 8), (2, 3), (7, -3)
(7, 8), (7, 10), (7, 0)
(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3) - It’s this one by the way because the x-coordinate does not repeat in this set.
(0, 1), (0, 2), (, 3)
YES, of course! Teachers have to use data every day to drive their instructional decisions. So this move is seen as one that aligns to the skills necessary for teaching.
The test got a little bit easier because the test makers removed questions that assess impractical middle and high school math skills. A digital download is attached to this blog that gives a detailed explanation of the skills that have changed on the new exam.
Our amazing writers here at NavaED have updated our original Praxis Core book to reflect the changes in the new exam. Our materials are up-to-date.
Praxis® Core Academic Skills for Educators (Core) tests measure academic skills in reading, writing, and mathematics.
Some colleges and universities require students to pass the Praxis test before entering teacher education programs. Many states require the Praxis test for teacher certification and licensing.
We have 4 on-demand Praxis Core webinars—reading, writing (grammar), writing (essay), and math. You can access them for free. Click the links below for access.
The Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators is required for entrance into many teacher preparation programs across the country. The Praxis Core assesses skills in reading, mathematics, and writing.
The Praxis Core is divided into three sections: reading, writing, and math.
You will have 85 min to complete 56 selected response questions on a variety of reading passages: short passages, long passages, double passages, and graphs and charts.
You will have 85 min to complete 56 selected response questions that assess a variety of math skills: number and quantity, algebra and functions, geometry, and statistics and probability.
You will have 100 min to complete the entire writing test. It is 2 sections:
Section 1 - 40 min to answer 40 selected response questions on usage, sentence correction, revision in context, and research skills.
Section 2 - 60 min to write 2 essays—30 min each. The scores for the essays and the selected response are combined for an overall writing score.
Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators
The test is administered on the computer.
We always recommend incremental practice over cramming for long periods of time. In our research, we have found students do much better when they take 20-30 min a day to work through different areas than when they try to cram everything over the weekend or over a few days. Of course, this all depends on each person’s skills. Some people need intensive instruction in areas of math, reading, and/or writing. While, others only need a quick refresher on the skills assessed on the Praxis.
Do NOT underestimate the exam. It is tough and will require you to work on your skills. We have a three-week study plan you can use to guide your practice.
According to ETS (the company that builds and administers the Praxis Core), educators, faculty of teacher preparation programs, and disciplinary specialists prepare Praxis test questions. The developers and reviewers follow rigorous, standardized procedures to ensure that test material reflects the skills being tested and meets high quality assessment standards. Each question is reviewed by ETS experts. After test questions have been reviewed and revised, they are administered in trial situations and assembled into tests. Tests are then reviewed according to ETS procedures to ensure that all tests are free of cultural bias. Statistical analyses of individual questions ensure that all items provide appropriate measurement information.
In a nutshell, teachers and other experts build the questions. ETS reviews the questions to make sure they are up to their standards. ETS then field tests the questions—they put them on actual exams people are taking. They determine if the questions are reliable and valid. If they are, they are then used on the exam. ETS will also periodically run statistical analysis on tests to see how the questions are performing.
The reading has short passages, long passages, double passages, and graphs and charts.
The sea-reach of the Thames stretched before us like the beginning of an interminable waterway. In the offing, the sea and the sky were welded together without a joint, and in the luminous space the tanned sails of the barges drifting up with the tide seemed to stand still in red clusters of canvas sharply peaked, with gleams of varnished sprits. A haze rested on the low shores that ran out to sea in vanishing flatness. The air was dark above Gravesend, and farther back still seemed condensed into a mournful gloom, brooding motionless over the biggest, and the greatest, town on earth.
A. optimistic as the author gazes at the greatest town on earth.
B. restless as the author is anticipating an upcoming voyage.
C. oblivious as the author is unaffected by the scenery.
D. ominous as the author is cautious about the surrounding area.
E. terminal as the author is sure he will die.
Explanation: If we read the question stem first, we understand that as we read, we should be paying attention to the tone or overall feeling of the passage. From the title—Heart of Darkness—and the descriptions in the text—vanishing flatness, air is dark, a mournful gloom—we can infer that this passage is probably not optimistic or relentless because those words do not fit here. Oblivious means unaware, but the author seems very aware of his surroundings. Terminal is too strong of a word here, and we cannot infer that the author is sure he will die. That is what we call strong language, and choices containing strong language are typically not the correct answers. Therefore, D is the best answer here. Ominous can mean gloomy, and the word gloom is used in the last sentence.Get more reading praxis in our NavaED Praxis Core study guide.
The writing section of the Praxis Core exam is divided into two parts:
You will have 100 minutes total to complete the entire writing exam: a 40-minute selected response test and two 30-min essays.
This portion of the Praxis Core Writing test contains 40 selected response questions that assess grammar and mechanics:
1. Even though she seemed unaffected, the senator spoke passionately about the tragedy.
Explanation: A. No change is needed. The word passionately is an adverb and should modify the verb spoke.
2. How should sentence 4 (reproduced below) be revised so it is grammatically correct.
Explanation: B. The sentence contains an apostrophe error. Change todays to today’s because the author is referring to students that belong to today.For more grammar and mechanics practice, check out our NavaED Praxis Core products.
Essay Number 1 – The argumentative essay task will require you to offer an opinion on a topic with which you either agree or disagree. Once you take a position on the issue, you must provide your opinion and specific examples to support your argument. It’s very important that your argument is supported by relevant and sufficient evidence that is clearly and coherently written. Your argument and its supporting evidence have to be organized and developed logically. To be sure that the readers completely understand your argument, it is crucial that you write without ambiguity. Most importantly you should provide clear and concise details with concrete examples to support each idea. The rubric also requires that your essay be grammatically correct and show a use of sentence variety and structures.
Essay Number 2 – The explanatory or informational essay task will require you to evaluate a pair of passages, each outlining a different opinion on a particular issue. The most important aspect of the source-based essay is that you adequately summarize the individual passages (author’s opinions/arguments). You will be asked to identify each author’s opinion on the issue presented in the assignment, as well as, the arguments and supporting details provided by each author. To achieve a high score, an essay must address each text and provide citations from each. For the explanatory essay, it is important to understand that you are not supporting any particular side, but rather summarizing both sides of each author presented in the prompt.
The Praxis Core math is made up of 56 selected response questions. You will have 85 min to complete this section of the exam.
The exam tests several skills:
A newlywed couple purchased their first house for $175,000. Six years later, the house was put on the market and sold for $236,250. What was the percent increase in price?
It is important to notice the absolute value bars in the numerator |top of fraction| mean that the number that comes out CANNOT be negative.
Explanation: A. This problem is a proportion. Cross-multiply and use algebra to solve for .
Another method to use if the above method escapes you at test time is to guess and check. Since it is multiple choice, substitute each answer in for x. The one that proves the equation true is the correct answer. The following example uses choice A.
Using the NavaED Praxis Core study guide or other Praxis Core study guide
Our Praxis Core test prep is divided into 3 parts: reading, writing, and math. Our Praxis Core resources include Praxis study guides, books, digital books, and digital courses. Our digital courses are extremely comprehensive, covering a depth and breadth of skills and practice necessary for the exam. There are hours of practice and videos in every section of our NavaED Praxis Core series.
The full digital course includes all 3 parts. A digital version of our Praxis Core book is included in the full course. The digital version is identical to the physical version. Our digital course is divided into 3 sections: reading, writing and math. You can also purchase these sections individually.Get the digital course here
Grammar Section - the multiple choice section of the writing exam.
Writing Section -the essay portion of the writing exam
We have physical books that we ship to customers, and we have digital books that we email to customers. The physical and digital book are identical.